Key Point: The federal government regulates colored pencils, which are subject to mandatory standards promulgated by the Consumer Product Safety Commission, more stringently than it does America’s election infrastructure. More than 80 percent of voting systems in use today are under the purview of three vendors. 1Kim Zetter, “The Crisis of Election Security,” New York Times Magazine, Sept. 26, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/26/maga- zine/election-security-crisis-midterms.html. A successful cyberattack against any of these companies could have devastating consequences for elections in vast swaths of the country. Other systems that are essential for free and fair elections, such as voter registration databases and electronic pollbooks, are also supplied and serviced by private companies. Yet these vendors, unlike those in other sectors that the federal government has designated as critical infrastructure, receive little or no federal review. This leaves American elections vulnerable to attack. To address this, the Brennan Center for Justice proposes a new framework for oversight that includes the following: Congressional authorization is needed for some but not all elements...